Fleas & Ticks


Eggs: Every day, female fleas lay a huge number of eggs (40 to 50) that drop from your
pet onto the floor and furnishings. In 1 to 10 days, they hatch, and 25% to 30% develop
into adult fleas.

Larvae: Thriving in warm, humid conditions, larvae hide deep in rugs, furniture, and
between floorboards. They feed on adult flea droppings and other animal debris that
drops from dogs and cats.

Pupae: Growing into adults inside little cocoons, pupae can stay inactive for long periods unaffected by temperature, drying, and insecticides, and will surface in response to heat, CO2, and movement.

Adult: Within 5 minutes, they start feeding. Females can consume 15 times their body weight in blood. They mate 4 to 48 hours after feeding and prefer to remain on host animal for life.


Flea infestations in your home are something you never want once, let alone twice! You need to break the flea lifecycle permanently, to ensure a successful riddance of fleas.

It’s a scary thought that for every flea on your dog or cat, there may be at least nine more in your home. Adult fleas lay eggs which hatch into larvae and spread to carpets, between floorboards, in furniture, and in bedding (yours and your pets).

Just when you thought the coast was clear, it’s not uncommon to find a new family reinfesting your home days to weeks after your pet was treated. This can be caused by a change in temperature (turning up the central heating).

To break the flea lifecycle, consider using a flea treatment that offers extended protection. This not only kills all fleas at all stages in your pet’s direct surroundings, but also ensures that newly-hatched adult fleas that may have jumped onto your pet won’t live long. There are many products available, including those that offer protection beyond 1 month.

The most effective way to get rid of fleas is to treat ALL your pets at once. Your veterinarian can recommend the best flea control products for all the animals in your home.



  1. Blagburn BL, Dryden MW. Biology, treatment, and control of flea and tick infestations. Vet Clin N Am Small Anim. 2009;39(6):1173-1200.
  2. Dryden M, Rust M. The cat flea: biology, ecology and control. Vet Parasitol. 1994;52(1-2):1-19.

Copyright © 2017 Intervet Inc., d/b/a Merck Animal Health, a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc. All rights reserved. US/BRV/0717/0064


Is Flea & Tick Treatment Needed For My Pet?

The warmer the weather, the more fleas and ticks materialize, and these pesky critters bother more than just pets. Left untreated, they can cause serious illness and make your house unlivable.

“Fleas and ticks are dangerous to the health of pets,” says Dr. Jill Lopez, a veterinarian with Merck Animal Health. “For that reason, flea and tick protection is essential for all dogs and cats that live with you.”


No one is safe from fleas. These tiny vampires can hitch a ride indoors on your socks and shoes or jump directly from the outdoors onto your pet.

They burrow into your pet’s fur and feed on your pet’s blood. Undigested blood is excreted in the form of small dark brown drops that can be found in the skin and fur of your pet. Once fed, they mate. The females lay eggs, which drop off your pet into your house and yard.

Continuous scratching is the first sign of fleas on a dog or cat. Light-colored pets or pets without a lot of fur on their belly are easier to check. Look for very tiny flat brown insects and little brown flecks. Scrape a few of the brown specks onto a paper towel, add a few droplets of water and smudge them. You will know if your pet has fleas if you see red dots or smears on the paper towel.

Bumps, a rash, raw red wet areas, hair loss around the base of the tail, and unpleasant odor can be signs of a severe flea infestation. Talk to your veterinarian if you notice
these signs


Ticks hide in grass and then snag a ride on the closest warm human or animal. These bloodsuckers can transmit serious illnesses when they bite.

It’s not always obvious if you or your pet has been bitten. A tick spits out a local anesthetic once it latches on, so the victim does not feel the bite.

The number of legs on a tick depends on the stage of their life cycle; the larval stages have 6 legs. Ticks are miniscule, so they’re especially hard to locate on dogs with thick fur. Their bellies expand and become enlarged with blood as they feed.

Your veterinarian can demonstrate the best way to get rid of a tick. A dog with ticks can become anemic, and some ticks can cause serious illness while others can infest your home.


Ticks are active in more than just spring and summer. A heated home can serve as a warm breeding ground for fleas and some ticks. Wild outside animals in your yard can also keep ticks warm, so the problem of fleas and ticks is a year-round concern.

It’s vital to protect your pet year-round—even if your pet never leaves the house. People can inadvertently carry these pests into their home on their clothing or shoes.


Copyright © 2017 Intervet Inc., d/b/a Merck Animal Health, a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc. All rights reserved.


Why Should I Vaccinate My Pet?

One of the most common questions that the Animal Clinic of Milford team hears from our clients is “why should I vaccinate my pet?” We understand why this question is asked. After all, pet vaccination is an ongoing concern that starts when your pet is very young and extends throughout their life. Pet owners want to know, is pet vaccination really necessary?


The short answer is yes, pet vaccination is extremely important for your pet’s ongoing health.

What Happens When a Pet is Not Vaccinated?

When a pet owner chooses to not vaccinate their pet, or when they choose not to maintain a proper vaccination schedule, they put their pet as well as all animals (and sometimes people!) that their pet comes into contact with in danger!

In recent months, we have all heard about the ongoing outbreak of Canine Influenza, making this vaccine extremely important for all pets that come into contact with other animals. This disease can be easily spread to pets who are boarding, attending daycare, going to grooming visits, etc. It’s important to remember that even if the pet that is going to these activities is protected, they can also bring the disease home to pets that are not completely protected.

When a sick pet or unvaccinated pet spends time in a public place where other animals congregate, they are putting themselves and everyone else at risk!

How to Maintain a Vaccination Schedule

At the Animal Clinic of Milford, we recommend maintaining your pet’s vaccination schedule to ensure that they are never unprotected for any period of time. We can work closely with you to determine which vaccines are necessary for your pet, depending on their lifestyle, activities, hang-out spots, and more. Our team makes every effort to ensure that each pet is protected at all times…not just when they’re planning on going someplace new.

We invite you to call us today to schedule your pet’s next appointment. Remember, maintaining your pet’s vaccines and preventative schedule is the BEST way to keep them safe and healthy for life.

Ultrasound for Pets

Did your pet eat something he shouldn’t have? The batteries from your remote, perhaps? Although a standard physical exam is beneficial in evaluating a pet’s external symptoms, there are many conditions that require an internal examination. Animal Clinic of Milford is pleased to announce our new ultrasound machine to safely examine your pet internally, providing top-quality diagnostics.

Ultrasound is a non-invasive advanced imaging technique that uses a hand-held probe tool to record “echoes” of sound waves to provide a moving image of your pet’s internal organs in real time. In veterinary medicine, a 3-dimensional image is the most common to examine the internal organs, including the abdominal area and thoracic structures. It also serves as a valuable tool for various emergency situations.


Ultrasound Preparation

In order for ultrasound waves to be reflected, they cannot pass through air, which means the probe must make direct contact with the skin. Therefore, before we can perform an ultrasound on a pet, we often have to shave the area being examined. This also helps the ultrasound images be produced with better quality. Some pet owners have questions about whether or not anesthesia is necessary for an ultrasound. The answer is no. Most pets can lie comfortably as the scan is performed, and since the image is produced in real time, results are available immediately.

Does Your Pet Need an Ultrasound?

 Our veterinarians may recommend an ultrasound for your pet for any of the following symptoms:

  • Lack of appetite
  • Abdominal fluid
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Change in urinary habits
  • A mass/tumor
  • Excessive vomiting or diarrhea

If you’ve noticed any of these signs in your pet, schedule an appointment to take advantage of Animal Clinic of Milford’s new ultrasound technology.